The temple of heaven
The temple of heaven is the place where emperors of the Ming and qing dynasties "worshipped heaven" and "prayed for grain". It is located on the east side of zhengyang gate. The altar is round in the north and square in the south, which means "heaven is round and earth is square". Surrounded by two altar walls, the whole altar is divided into inner altar and outer altar, with a total area of 273 hectares.
The inner altar is divided into two parts by wall. In the north is the "altar for praying for grain", which is used for praying for good harvest in spring. The central building is the hall for praying for good harvest. South for "huanqiu altar", specifically for "winter solstice" day worship, the center of the building is a huge circular stone platform, known as "huanqiu". The two temples are connected by a 360-meter-long passage above the ground -- danbi bridge, which forms an axis of the temple of heaven with a length of 1200 meters from north to south and a large area of ancient Berlin on both sides.Built in the south side of the west gate "fast palace", is the sacrificial before the emperor fast residence.West outside the altar with "god music department", in charge of sacrificial music and dance teaching and performance. The main buildings inside the altar are qing-nian dian, huanggan dian, huanqiu, huangqiong yu, zhai gong, wuliang dian, long corridor, double ring wanshou pavilion, as well as echo wall, three tone stone, seven star stone and other places of interest.
The temple of heaven was built in the 18th year of the reign of emperor Yongle of the Ming dynasty (1420). After the founding of new China, the state invested a large amount of funds in the protection and maintenance of the cultural relics and historical sites in the temple of heaven. The temple of heaven, with its profound cultural connotation and magnificent architectural style, has become the portrayal of the ancient Oriental civilization. The temple of heaven is a treasure of ancient Chinese architecture and the largest temple complex in the world. In 1961, the state council declared the temple of heaven a "national key cultural relic protection unit". It was recognized as "world cultural heritage" by UNESCO in 1998.